The final result was the Bull “Apostolicae Curae”, in which Anglican orders were declared to be invalid. As the Bull itself explains at length, its decision rests on. APOSTOLICAE CURAE. Pope Leo XIII. Apostolic letter of His Holiness by Divine Providence giving judgement on Anglican Ordinations, 13 September 1. Apostolicae curae et caritatis, qua Pastorem magnum ovium, Dominum nostrum Iesum Christum (Hebr. XIII, 20), referre pro munere et imitari, aspirante eius.

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In other words, while we agree with the theological principle, we must challenge the presentation of the associated facts. Unless this declaration had applied to the actual case in England, that is to say, to the Edwardine Ordinal, the Pope would certainly have done nothing by this last letter for the removal of doubt and the restoration of peace of conscience.


They are men who from their very office take precedence in learning and authority, and who have at heart the glory of God and the salvation of souls. Itaque omnibus Pontificum Decessorum in hac ipsa causa decretis usquequaque assentientes, eaque plenissime confirmantes ac veluti renovantes auctoritate Nostra, motu proprio certa scientia, pronunciamus et declaramus, ordinationes ritu anglicano actas, irritas prorsus fuisse et esse, omninoque nullas.

It is not relevant to examine here whether the episcopate be a completion of the priesthood, or an order distinct from it; or whether, when bestowed, as they say per saltumon one who is not a priest, it has vurae has not its effect.

Wherefore, we ordered that the Anglican Ordinal, which is the essential point of the whole matter, should be once more most carefully examined.

A Critique of Apostolicae Curae

Inde fit ut, quoniam sacramentum Ordinis verumque Christi sacerdotium a ritu anglicano penitus extrusum est, atque adeo in consecratione episcopali eiusdem ritus nullo curaae sacerdotium confertur, nullo item modo episcopatus vere ac iure possit conferri: This was based on the fact that Timothy ruled 1 Ti.

Since the church apostolicar be in no doubt of the validity of the sacraments celebrated for the Catholic community, it must ask all who are chosen to exercise the priesthood in the Catholic Church to accept sacramental ordination in order to fulfill their ministry and be integrated into the apostolic succession.

In recent decades several developments have complicated the possible re-examination of Anglican orders by the Roman Catholic Church. Following the introduction, part one gives the history of the question before the present pontificate.

The status of A. There is a difference between not explicitly intending to cause the effect of a sacrament while still intending to really perform the sacramental act, and explicitly intending cirae inhibit that effect while still having the correct general intent.

The change of form in the Ordinal, however, denotes an intention to reject what the Church does, a point which Leo XIII has established by referring to the sacramental theology of the wpostolicae of the Ordinal and the ensuing nativa indoles of the text.


This ground was the ‘defect of form’, a defect from which all Anglican ordinations suffer equally; and therefore whenever similar cases have subsequently come up for judgement this decree of Clement XI has been quoted every time. It would take too long to set out a detailed account, nor is it necessary; the history of the period tells us clearly enough cirae were the sentiments of the authors of the Ordinal towards the Catholic Church, who apostolciae the heterodox associates whose help they invoked, to what end they directed their designs.

Litterae Apostolicae Apostolicae curae (13 Septembris ) | LEO XIII

Advertise on Catholic Online Your ads on catholic. In the first case, verdicts or ‘vota’ were delivered in writing by many of the consultors after a careful examination, the remainder unanimously concurring with them in giving a verdict ‘for the invalidity of the ordination’; it was only for considerations of expediency that the Cardinals decided upon the reply, ‘Judgement postponed’.

At the Lambeth Conference of a subcommittee report made reference to “an examination of the position of the Church of England” by the Pope, but they declined to submit any resolution concerning “the Latin communion”.

In other words, even if a committed and definitive rejection of orthodoxy is detected in the 16th Century which is here disputedit can not be fairly ascribed to Anglicanism after this.

Herein, after full approval and confirmation of Pole’s action, the following instruction is given concerning ordinations: To all rightly estimating these matters it will not be difficult to understand why, in the Letters of Julius III, issued to the Apostolic Legate on 8 Marchthere is a distinct mention, first of those who, “rightly and lawfully promoted,” might be maintained in their orders: In it We recalled the memory of the ancient union of the people with Mother Church, and We strove to hasten the day of a happy reconciliation by stirring up men’s hearts to offer diligent prayer apostolicze God.

These, by the undoubted teaching of the sacred canons, were clearly null if given with any vitiating defect. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. If I do not believe giving someone a spacesuit makes them safe from radiation, I do not give them the suit with the explicit intention of denying them that property.

Given that the omissions were made by one person or group of people responsible for the formation of the rite, whereas the rite so modified was used by a later and different group of people, it is impossible to simply identify the intentions in making the omissions with the intentions of those using the rite.

He argued that Apostolicae curae had been overtaken by cirae.

Apostolicse this, whilst giving full force and approbation to what Pole had done, it is ordered in the matter of the Ordinations as cura He then summoned them to Rome, directed them to interchange writings, and, placing at their disposal all the documents available, directed them to further investigate and discuss it.

Hi autem non alii profecto erant nisi qui promoti secundum novam ritualem formam; cui quoque examinandae delecti Cardinales attentam operam dederant.


Apostolicae Curae

Regii oratores, viri tres admodum insignes et omni virtute praeditiin quibus Thomas Thirlby episcopus Eliensis, sic habebant propositum, Pontificem de conditione rei religiosae in eo regno notitia ampliore edocere, ab ipsoque in primis petere ut ea quae Legatus ad eiusdem regni cum Ecclesia reconciliationem curaverat atque effecerat, haberet rata et confirmaret: Atque illud fateri libet quod aeque gentis humanitatem ac multorum sollicitudinem salutis aeternae commendat, id est quam benevole Anglis probata sit instantia Nostra et dicendi libertas, nullo quidem acta humanae rationis impulsu.

Verumtamen optimum factu duximus supersedere sententiae, quo et melius perpenderemus conveniret ne expediretque eamdem rem auctoritate Nostra rursus declarari, et uberiorem divini luminis copiam supplices imploraremus.

Quinam autem essent episcopi tales, non rite recteque ordinatisatis iam indicaverant superiora documenta, facultatesque in eam rem a Legato adhibitae: They unanimously agreed that the case proposed had already been adjudicated with full cognizance by the Apostolic See, and that the renewed investigation had only served to bring into clearer light the justice and wisdom with which the Holy See had settled the whole question.

Frederick TempleArchbishop of Canterbury. Arguing that “It is a commonplace of all theology, Roman or Anglican, that no public formulary can be or ought to be interpreted by the private sense attached to it by the compilers”, [14] and that consequently the views of Cranmer were irrelevant, in Gregory Dixmonk of Nashdom Abbeypublished an eloquent defence of Anglican orders.

On the Nullity of Anglican Orders – Papal Encyclicals

In vain those who, from the time of Charles I, have attempted to hold some kind of sacrifice or of priesthood, have made additions to the Ordinal. This interpretation of the Bull claims the general intention is admitted to be present, but that a simultaneous positive and deliberate intention not to convey a primary effect of the sacrament is identified as the reason the general intention is insufficient in this case.

Non ea igitur forma esse apta et sufficiens sacramento potest, quae id nempe reticetquod deberet proprium significare. It is important to bear in mind that this judgment was in no wise determined by the omission of the tradition of instruments, for in such a case, according to the established custom, the direction would have been to repeat the ordination conditionally, and still more important is it to note that the judgment of the pontiff applies universally to all Anglican ordinations, because, although it refers to a particular case, it is not based upon any reason special to that case, but upon the defect of form, which defect equally affects all these ordinations, so much so, that when similar cases subsequently came up for decision, the same decree of Clement XI was quoted as the norm.