[1] Grupul de Economie Aplicată (GEA), , Manual de evaluare a competitivității regionale, București, p. 5. Local economical development principles. Manual de supravie_uire si crestere a firmelor în condi_iile economiei de pia_a, Grupul de Economie Aplicata(GEA- The Applied Economy Group), Manual de . Matematică aplicată în economie: manual de studiu individual by Tatiana Corina Dosescu(Book) 1 edition published in in Romanian and held by 2.

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Weber extended the basic model by considering a cheap labour force and by taking into account the agglomeration areas, which increases the consumer market of goods, generating savings. A business cluster is a group, a cluster of organizations with a competitive nature in a target market. There are many definitions wplicata clusters, different from each other and a wide typology of clusters in all industry.

Clusters comprise a group of closely related industries and other entities aplicatw in terms of competition. Skip to main content. The European Cluster Memorandum, http: Clusters represent an important instrument for promoting industrial development, innovation, competitiveness and economic growth.

Often, clusters are extending to different downstream channels and customers and laterally to manufacturers of complementary products and to the industries related by skills, technologies or common inputs.

These poles are highly entrepreneurship and have a profitable business environment. Clusters affect competitive advantage on three major directions: Productivity, with increasing wages and employability of the workforce, are manuzl the main reasons for increased interest in the formation of clusters.

Competitiveness of Romania’s South-East Region in the European Context

Marshall, Hoover, Perroux, Chimitz and Maunal. He argues the need for stronger industrial ties between the competitive sectors, so that the participation in international competition to lead to growth effects for the national prosperity.

Association has a team permanent staff which has a role in: In various studies and research projects there were identified several potential clusters in Romania: Indeed, clusters are developing their full potential when they are able to take full econkmie of interdependence in order mamual bid on additional activities, creating synergies that could lead to a common increase of the whole sector and benefiting all participants in the cluster.

Clusterization risks arise from the very basic principles of the clusters specialization. Development of automotive components sector in the Western Region was conducted by both local specialized societies, and by attracting foreign investors. O1, O3, R1, R5 1. This theory is based on a simple observation: The solution of the problem is the one that minimizes total transportation costs, in a graphical approach being determined by circles curves centred on the aplicat supply costs and markets shippingwhich are composed of points representing the same level of costs.


Current Trends of the Regional Development Policy in the European … Each pole of competitiveness has its own legal personality, often form an association.

In Sweden, The European Cluster Observatory has noted the existence of Swedish clusters, already highlighting one of their weaknesses, namely excessive fragmentation. Increased mobility of information that occurred due to interactive system of the clusters is the third main benefit of clusterization.

Romania was the partner country in the project and the final project report on Romania has identified four potential clusters occurred in Harghita County Central Region in woodworking, pottery, printing and switchgear industry.

Moreover, the cluster can often not be the answer to increasing the competitiveness of a region, source may come from econoomie. Vertically integrated clusters exist in automobile industry supplier- manufacturer relationshipchemicals, clothing, hardware, furniture, and the horizontal ones in the light industry clothing, shoes aplicqta, media, software, bio – tech. The existence of an early horizontal cluster is motivated by the companies perception in terms of characteristics of local production system: These separate units are called growth poles and they can be large companies, industrial sites, important elements of infrastructure port, airport, motorway that by their mere presence attract a lot of other activities or even an urban pole with its own activity.

A region may become vulnerable if held portfolio of clusters is too concentrated. The potential clusters were identified in the textile industry from Timis and Bacau counties, software sector from Timisoara, Cluj and Bucharest, woodworking in Mures, in the chemical industry, metal products, general purpose machinery and engines form Brasov, and the local clusters in different areas such as – leather and footwear, electrical components, telecommunications equipment and radio and TV.

LTIS – CATEDRA DE ȘTIINȚE SOCIO-UMANE | Manual de Economie aplicată

Click here to sign up. The main author of the typology is Hoover Econimie Theory and the Shoe and Leather Industry – and The Location of Economic Activitywho believes that internal economies of scale are specific for companies, localization aplicatz for certain branches, sub-branches, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical areas E. In developed economies, they communicate, creating genuine network development.

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Location theory justifies its importance: It is assumed that after the initial phase in which the predominant forces are centralized, centralization poles will lead behind them, the rest of the region or even the entire economy.


Hoover Hoover,domestic scale economies are specific to companies; the economies of localizing – to a certain branch, whose companies form clusters in certain geographical arias, and the urbanization economies are specific to cities, where there are clusters of companies from different branches.

This is due to domestic scale economies, known as agglomerations economies. It is known that technology and innovation do not develop in isolated organizations, but in open environments, where there is interaction between competent individuals of different organizations. Log In Sign Up. They are rooted in the existence of specialized suppliers for certain goods, services which are shared by many other companies in that areain the existence of a local market labour which facilitates the transfer of workers from one firm to another as some of them to increase productionof the diffusion of information and innovation.

This theory was subsequently extended by Smithies, Lerner and Singer, Greenham. Overall, the role of government is to be the facilitator and participant in public- private partnerships.

Cluster theory, launched by Michael E.

Other descriptions of industrial clusters are based on: Explanations are based on recording specific economies of scale, known as agglomeration economies. From the translation of the verb cluster, that means to gather in one place, to group after a maual, we get to the definition of the concept given by Porter, namely, cluster is a geographical concentration of companies that are competing, but also cooperating, the suppliers of goods and services and their associated institutions.

The level of economic development research and the systematic study of business in 10 countries with a significant competitive position, and in over industries, Professor Michael Porter brought the debate on how companies manage to compete and contribute in raising living standards in the countries where they are located.

After developing the theory of polarized econo,ie, most of the concepts supporting the spontaneous reduction of disparities in regional economic maanual as the generalization of the process, find theoretical support in various formulations of this theory.