– Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. George Salinda Salvan. PLUMBING. FIXTURES. PLUMBING. FIXTURES. Plumbing fixtures are receptacles intended to receive water, liquid, or water carried. ARCHITECTURAL UTILITIEs· 1. PLUMBING AND SANITARY • THE NEW LADDER TYPE CURRICULUM GEO’RGE SALINDA SALVAN fuap • ASSISTANT.

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I agree to the Terms. Please enter your email address. You will receive a link to create a new password. Size px x x x x Published on May Categories: Michael Tasarra Subscribe 0. Architecture, North of Manila, St. College of Fellows, October.

Rizal Avenue, Manila P. Manila Dedicated to all future Architects and Engineers The hope for a functional, comfortable and convenient designs for better living. Camsol who spent most of his time with the illustrations and all the layouts of the dummy.

Special thanks and mention is also acknowledged to the Artists who helped in the illustrations notably, Clamor C. Engineering Department, also to to Mr. Canave who guided me on the complete process of publishing and printing of books and to Mr. Villanueva and Enrico P. Gomez for their untiring cooperation in preparing the manuscripts typewritten by Ms. Villarealin computerized typesetting. The many students of architecture whose curiositY about and interest in the Plumbing and Sanitary its realization in book form have been a source of inspiration and lastly the writer wishes to acknowledge his heavy indebtedness to the ppumbing listed in the bibliography.

Architects has to be knowledgeable in a number of fields in addition to those that are con- cerned mainly with building design for him to properly assist and serve his client. It is not expected that the Architect will actually perform all the services, Rather he is to act as the agent of the client in procuring and coordinating the necessary services required by a project.

After the design is approved, the complete construction drawings and specifications are prepared. Since the curriculum for B. This book is intended for Architectural and engineering students but nevertheless offers in- formation and reference materials for Practicing Professionals. It is arranged in ‘a sequential manner so as to guide the reader from the Water Supply, Fire Protection, Storm Water Sys- tem to Sanitary salan systems. To make this book more complete is the addition of the georgge on RefLJse handling and Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling, from here recycling of Sewage Water is also included.

Finally the specifications of the different Plumbing Fixtures for each room is included.

George Salvan Architectural Utilities 1 Plumbing and Sanitary

Each subject matter is accompanied immediately with the corresponding illustrations for clarity and the excerpts from the plumbing code is also included. It appears in its natural state as: Liquid Solid Gas Weight of water in Liquid form: Rainfall times heavier than air. Natural Surface; water from streams, rivers and lakes, ponds. It is soft pulmbing and good on places where there is an abundant rainfall. Disadvantages Hard to store for a long time as it will walvan a breeding geotge for mosquitoes, requires big containers for storing big quantities for long uses, roofs may not be clean, bad for places that receives a little amount of rain- fall.

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More water can be obtained depending by equipments used and locality. Sedimentation -articles of matters that are suspended in the water are allowed to stay in a contai ner so that they will settle in the bottom, then drawing the water out, leaving these sediments in the container.

Chemical Treatments – water georye given chemical treatments to kill the harmful bacterias present and to cure the turbid taste or mudtaste, remove clay, salts, iron etc. Filtration – water are filtered on various processes, so as to remove the particles of vegetable matter, plumbibg, and other particles of matter present in the water, most commonly used materials are sand and gravel.

Aeration- r11w Is made to pass on plp88 of tlrw sieves and exposed to air of tiM mi8t. When excavated by hand are called dug wells-for shallow water. Lifting water by suction to the level of a pump situated above the source.

Raising the water by forcing it to an elevation above a pump situated teorge the source.

Both lifting the water to georgee pump by suction and in addition forcing the water to an elevation above the pump. Force pump 3 Reciprocating 4.

Deep well reciprocating pump b. Deep well ejector d. The piston and the bottom of the cylinder are each proviqed with a valve opening upward. When the plunger is raised valve b is closed and 8 open to admit water to the cylinder. Horizontal ReCiprocating Pumps- known as dottble or single acting piston pumps.

Adapted to all pur- poses where the suction lift, is not over 22 ft. Reciprocating Plumbijg suc- tion lifts of less than 22 feet 6. Tanks – rnay be used either for the collection of water without consideration of pressure, or for storing water under air pressure or under a static HEAD for future distribution by pneu- matic or gravity means.

Spherical PVC Tank 3.

Download George Salvan Architectural Utilities 1 Plumbing and Sanitary

Rectangular Reinforced Concrete 4. Rectangular Steel Tank Riveted 5. Pneumatic Tank pressurized 6. Stainless Steel Tank 6. Suction Tank – are constructed plumbingg riveted or welded steel plate; the larger tanks often being divided into two compartments.

The suction pipe from the pump to the tank should be across connected to the City main so that the water poumbing be pumped directly from the main in case of Fire. Suction Tanks are used so that the pneumatic tank or other pumps sucks the water f.

The neighbor of water due to pressure. Upfeed System-from normal water pressure from public water main for low rise buildings. Pneumatic Tank -from air pressure from suction tank for tall buildings which cannot be reached by normal water pressure.

When water is called for plumbiny the opening of any device like a faucet, air pressure in the top portion savan the tank de- liver water into the system. A high level switch turns it off when ttw water is up to level. In big water tanks, the water level is seen on a marker as made by the f loat valve which rise or descends.


Downfeed System-by gravity from overhead tanks and are sup- ported either by structural frames or on the plumbinv decks. Fixtures are below the gravity Tank. These elevated Tanks are installed when normal supply of water from main public service pipes is not frequent.

It is also used when normal pressure from the City main is not enough to force the water to the h;ghest fixtures. Sediment in Tank is drawn off through georgee pipe and is prevented from enter- ing house supply by pipe projection.

Humidity georhe the air condenses on the cold sides and bottom of metal tanks and must be caught in a copper drip pan. Normal Water plumbimg Advantages 1. Eliminates extra cost of pumps and tanks. Compact pumping unit requires limited space.

Pressure from water main is inadequate to supply tall buildings. Water supply is affected during peak load hour. In case of power interruption, water sup- ply is greatly affected by the loss of pressure inside the tank.

Water chamber being air tight makes the system a sanitary one.

Download George Salvan Architectural Utilities 1 Plumbing and Sanitary –

Compressed oxygen air tend to purify the water and make it more palatable. The system is efficient and economical as it requires smaller diameter pipe and has few working parts. It is adoptable to all types of buildings. Overhead Feed System 1. Because of the water stored inside the tank, water supply is not affected by the peak load hour even if the pressure at the water main becomes considerably low.

George Salvan Architectural Utilities 1 Plumbing and Sanitary –

Power interruption does not affect the water supply inside the building. When the pumping unit breaks down, the time involved to replace the parts does not affect the water supply of water.

Water inside the tank exposed to the at- mosphere is subject to contamination. The water distribution unit is very expen- sive because it has so many working parts thus increasing maintenance cost. Materials commonly used are gal- vanized iron G. Others are brass, copper, wrought and cast iron. The vertical supply pipe which extends upward from one floor to the next is called a riser and the horizontal pipes that serves the faucets or fixtures are called BRANCHES. Water Main refers to the public water system laid undernround along the streets where house service is connected.

Five Types of Fittings: Threaded or screw connection 2. Soldered or welded 4. Glued or cement- adhesive Kinds of Malleable Fittings G. Use for Ordinary shower head. UNION-used when a pipe has already been installed but dismantling is dif- ficult. There are three Types: This type is generally adopted on large buildings where 0f provirlin!